The question is hard to answer for a couple reasons. First, the modern browsers all heavily and dynamically optimize code while it is executing so the algorithms chosen to access the properties might be different for the same code. Second, each engine uses different algorithms and heuristics to determine which access algorithm to use. Third, the ECMA specification dictates what the result of must be, not how the result is achieved so the engines have a lot of freedom to innovate in this area.
That said, given your example all the engines I am familiar with will use some form of a hash table to retrieve the value associated with
Numeric properties are special, however. If you access an object using integer numeric properties that have few or no gaps in range, that is, use the object like it is an array, the values will tend to be stored in a linear block of memory with O(1) access. Even if your access has gaps the engines will probably shift to a sparse array access which will probably be, at worst, O(log N).
Accessing a property by identifier is also special. If you access the property like,
and execute this code often (that is, the speed of this matters) and with the same or similar object this is likely to be optimized into one or two machine instructions. What makes objects similar also differs for each engine but if they are constructed by the same literal or function they are more likely to be treated as similar.